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Full text of "The Rebellion in Dublin, April, 1916"

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The Rebellion in 


April, 1916. 



The Six Days' Rebellion. 

^T^JHE week commencing Easter Monday of 1916 will long be remembered by the people of Ireland, and by the inhabitants 
«gnf of Dublin in particular, as the " Black Week." The smouldering embers of disaffection broke into flame at mid-day on 
^fy\ the Bank Holiday, at which hour armed " Sinn Fein " (ourselves alone) parties seized the General Post Office, 
'<$J1 St. Stephen's Green Park, the College of Surgeons, and many other public buildings in the city, as well as private 
houses commanding the leading thoroughfares. An attempt was made to capture Dublin Castle, the seat of the Irish 
Government, but although the policeman on duty at the gate was shot dead, the gates were closed and the attempt failed. Soldiers in 
uniform were shot at sight, and motor cars were seized to form barricades across the streets. A proclamation was issued setting up an 
Irish Republic- The number of soldiers in the city was not sufficient to deal with the outbreak, and as the police were withdrawn from 
the streets, the rebels and the hooligan element of the population were left in possession of the city until the military authorities brought 
up reinforcements. The rebels held out until Saturday afternoon, when the " President of the Provisional Government," P. H. Pearse, 
unconditionally surrendered, recognising that his forces were hopelessly outnumbered. Some of his followers, holding outlying parts of 
the city, did not surrender for some days afterwards. 

The Photographs that are reproduced in this booklet will convey more eloquently than words the damage that Dublin suffered 
during the Black Week. Fire rather than military operations was responsible for most of the damage. After being looted 
many of the shops were set fire to, and from Tuesday evening until the end of the week the heart of the city burned itself out. The 
Fire Brigade was powerless to perform its accustomed duties, as the rebels persistently fired on them, and consequently whole blocks 
of buildings were burnt to the ground. The damage done was estimated at three million pounds. The most important of the public 
buildings destroyed was the General Post Office, a portion of the interior of which had been recently reconstructed at a cost of 
£60,000. Next to the Post Office, the most historic building that suffered was the Royal Hibernian Academy, in Abbey Street, with 
its priceless art treasures. Both buildings were erected from the designs of the celebrated eighteenth century architect, Johnston, the 
Royal Hibernian Academy being built and endowed by him. 

The rebellion was mainly confined to Dublin, but there were isolated risings in the south and west. 

During the operations 1 25 police and military were killed, 405 wounded, while 1 80 civilians were killed and over 600 wounded. 
Thirteen of the rebel leaders, including the seven signatories to the proclamation of the " Irish Republic," were sentenced to death 
and executed after trial by Field Court Martial, and over one hundred were sentenced to terms of penal servitude ranging from one 
year to life. 

THE REBEL LEADERS.— P. H. Pearse, the 
" President of the Provisional Government," was 
the son of a London monumental mason who came 
over to Ireland during the great Church building period 
that followed the passing of the Catholic Emancipation 
Act and settled in Dublin. Pearse was a master in an 
intermediate college at Rathfarnham, near Dublin. — James 
Connolly succeeded the notorious Labour Leader, James 
Larkin, on the latter's departure from Dublin, and was the 
founder of the " Citizens' Army," whose headquarters 
were at Liberty Hall. He acted as " Commandant 
General" of the Rebel Forces, with headquarters in the 
General Post Office. He was wounded in the leg during 
the Rebellion. Both Pearse and Connolly were executed 
after trial by Field Court Martial. Both were signatories 
to the Proclamation of the Irish Republic. 

another of the signatories to the Proclamation of 
the Irish Republic, was a Professor in the National 
University of Ireland, and well known as an author. 
T. J . Clark, also a signatory to the Proclamation, was an old 
Fenian leader, who did not publicly identify himself with 
the Sinn Fein movement until the outbreak of the 
Rebellion. " Major '' McBride fought on the side of 
the Boers against the British Army in the South African 
War, and after returning to Dublin was appointed an 
official by the Corporation of Dublin. He and MacDonagh 
were in command of the Rebel Forces that held Jacob's 
Biscuit Factory. All three were executed after trial by 
Field Court Martial. Inset is a stamp designed for use 
of the Irish Republic, but which was never issued. 

HHE corner of Sackville Street and Eden Quay. 
A view looking from the western side of the 
street, with the monument of Daniel O'Connell in the 

•■— J from the southern side of the river. — Kelly's Fishing 
Tackle and Gunpowder Office, the corner house on the 
right hand side of the picture, was one of the first buildings 
to be seized by the Rebels. It commanded the bridge 
and streets leading thereto. On the right of the picture 
will be seen the effects of the gas explosion which occurred 
some days after the Rebellion had been suppressed, and 
which was generally supposed to have been the result of 
an explosive bomb deposited beneath the bridge by the 
Rebels. O'Connell Bridge has the unique reputation of 
being wider than it is long. 

*~~* O'Connell Bridge. — Every house in the 
block of buildings on the right was burned, including 
the home of the Royal Hibernian Academy, with 
its priceless art treasures. 

*— J the " finest thoroughfare in Europe." — Every house 
on the east side (right) from Nelson Pillar to Eden Quay 
was ravaged by the great fire. The skeletons of the 
buildings shown standing, with the exception of Clery's 
(nearest to Nelson Pillar), have been pulled down. 

THE G.P.O., Lower Sackville Street. A view from 
the south-east. — This building was quite the most 
historic, and from every point of view, the most valuable 
of those destroyed by the fires. It was erected in the 
latter part of the eighteenth century. The interior was 
recently reconstructed at a cost of £60,000, and the new 
public offices were opened for general use a few weeks 
before the Rebellion. 

HHE interior of the Metropole Hotel, next to 

* General Post Office, and the English and 

Scottish Law Life Office, on left. — All that remained 

of the buildings, after the fire, have been pulled down. 

IIBERTY HALL, the Headquarters of the 
*-~* Citizens' Army branch of the Rebel forces. 
The building was shelled by Artillery from Tara 
Street, and also by gun fire from the Irish 
Lights' Patrol Ship, Helga, from the River, Finding 
their position untenable, the Rebels escaped through 
the adjoining houses. 

1WIID ABBEY STREET, looking to the North- 
*■ * •* east.— Showing the remains of Thorn's Printing 
Works, "Evening Telegraph" Offices, and the skeleton 
of Eason's building, on right. In the back-ground, on left, 
is the upper portion of the Prince's Street side of the 
G.P.O., and on right, a part of Clery's, Lower 
Sackville Street. 

*-* * Sackville Street. — The houses shown, 
Eason's premises, on left, the Oval, and 
Manfield's, on corner, have been pulled down. 

DEMO VI NG the debris from Mid Abbey Street, 
" the "Fleet Street" of Dublin.— The buildings 
destroyed included Fitzgerald's, Wine Merchants ; 
Thorn's; Sealy, Bryers and Walker's, Printers ; " Evening 
Telegraph " Offices ; and Eason's, Publishers, the remains 
of whose premises are seen on the right. 

TVTORTH EARL STREET, from Nelson Pillar.— 
* ~ At the outbreak of the Rebellion a tram-car was 
abandoned at this spot. After the windows had been 
broken by the looters, the tram was made the centre of a 
barricade to Sackville Street. When the fire broke out at 
Tyler's Boot Shop, on left, it was carried across the street 
by the barricade. 

TIENRY STREET, looking east towards Nelson 
"■" ■* Pillar. — The buildings destroyed by fire in this 
portion of the city included the Colliseum Theatre, erected 
twelve months previously at a cost of £40,000 ; Ball's Bank, 
recently part of ^he General Post Office. Portion of the 
side of the latter is seen at the end of the street on the right. 

ITENRY STREET, looking west.— Great 
destruction was wrought by the fires in this 
part of the city. In the laneway on the right of the 
picture many of the Rebels, escaping from the burning 
Post Office, suffered death from the military fire. 

■*• *■ looking St. Stephen's Green Park. — One of the first 
public buildings to be seized by the rebels. It remained in 
their possession for six days, when Countess Markievicz, 
who commanded the occupying forces, surrendered. The 
Countess was sentenced to penal servitude for life by 
Field Court Martial. 

AN Order issued by James Connolly, 
" Commandant General " of the Rebel 
Forces, " Dublin Command " to the Officer in 
Charge at Reis' (spelt wrongly by Connolly's 
typist), and Dublin Bread Co.'s Restaurant, 
Lower Sackville Street. 


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